Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528), a German painter and printmaker, one of the most prominent representatives of the turn of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the first great woodcutter. He worked mainly in Nuremberg, where he created his own style with a uniform basis for the local traditions of late Gothic art and influence the expression of the Dutch realism.
The most outstanding work of the first period of work is a series of 14 woodcuts to the Apocalypse (1498) stands out novelty woodcut techniques. At that time, also painted numerous portraits (Self-portrait 1498), drawing landscapes and nature studies, engravings (The Prodigal Son 1496) and a series of woodcuts (1498-1510 Passion of the Christ and the Life of Mary 1501-1511).
With double travels to Italy (Venice, Bologna), learned the achievements of the local rules of rebirth and the resurrected antiquity. Importance has been in contact with the works of A. Mantegna and Bellini. Dürer’s art is a synthesis of Italian rationalist and humanist aspirations to the beauty of the north, even medieval, deep religious tradition and moral issues.
He took care of the theoretical foundation works by German artists, hence the study of geometric perspective and proportions of the human body, which put in the treaty on the subject, published in 1528. In addition, Dürer woodcut technique perfected the shoe. Pinnacle is called. three master engravings – Knight with death and the Devil (1513), St. Jerome in his cell (1514) Melancholia (1514), in which Dürer expresses his view of life ..