Oscar Claude Monet (born November 14, 1840 in Paris, December 5, 1926 in Giverny) is a French painter, one of the founders and leading representatives of Impressionism. Claude Monet was almost in every sense the founder of French Impressionist painting, the term comes from one of his paintings, “Impression, Sunrise.” When he was a child, his father wanted him to take over the grocery store, but he preferred to become a painter, At the age of 11, he entered the Lyceum of Arts in Le Havre. While in high school, he was known for the caricatures he drew for local notables, taking from ten to twenty francs. Five years later, he met the artist Eugene Boudin, who introduced Monet to the oil rig and taught him how to paint “En plein air,” an open-air painting that was unacceptable in academic painting and became his mentor. At the age of 16, Monet went to Paris to study at the Académie Suisse. Much of it was done by Aunt Marie-Jeanne Lecadre, who covered tuition fees. In the academy he met Pissarro, and instead of studying great masterpieces, sat down by the window and painted what he saw outside. In Paris he was a few years old and met other young painters, including Édouard Manet. In June 1861, he joined the African Light Alzheimer’s Regiment in Algeria for seven years.
But his stay ended two years after he became ill with typhus, and his aunt intervened to free him from the army if he continued his art studies. After returning to Paris, he studied outdoor painting with other famous painters. There were Pierre-Auguste Renoire, Frederic Bazille and Alfred Sisley. Monet has developed a painting style that will soon be known as Impressionism. In 1866, Monet triumphs at the Salon with a landscape and a portrait of Camille, known since then as “The Woman in a Green Dress.” But in 1867, the jury of the Salon rejected his paintings, similarly in 1869. In June 1870 Manet married Camille. After the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, Monet went to England, before returning to Paris to travel to the Netherlands, and then exhibited much of his work in 1874, at the first exhibition of impressionists. On 5 September 1879 she died of tuberculosis, after the birth of the second child the artist’s wife – Camille. On her treatment he spent almost all the money, but that did not improve her health. All this again led Coet to depression. After his wife’s death, Monet committed to never again live in poverty and created some of the finest works of the nineteenth century. In 1890 he was wealthy enough to buy a large house and garden where he could continue painting for the rest of his life. As a natural painter, Garden Coin was one of his greatest inspirations. He wrote detailed instructions for his gardeners, with specific designs and color schemes, accumulated a large collection of botanical books. At one point, he hired seven gardeners at once. In 1891, Ernest Hoschedé died, a collector who bought many paintings by the artist. In July 1892, Monet married his widow, Alice. In spite of health problems such as dizziness and, most of all, visual problems, Monet went to London and Venice, where he also painted (works such as the London Parliament and the Doge’s Palace). His work has evolved and its form has become less and less important. Monet painting approached the abstraction of colorful stains. The most important thing for him was the light and the color that came out to him. His works were the basis for Seurat’s creation of pointylism.
After his death on lung cancer, he inherited the estate, son Michel, who restored and opened the house to the public as well as extensive gardens.