Francisco Goya, Casa de locos, 1815-1819
Francisco Goya responsible. Francisco Goya y Lucientes José (b. March 30, 1746 r. In Fuendetodos k. Zaragoza, d. April 16, 1828 r. In Bordeaux), an eminent painter, draftsman and caricaturist Spanish court painter of the Bourbons: Charles III, Charles IV and Ferdinand VII .
Francisco talent was discovered as a child, yet he failed twice to get to the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid. Only in 1780 was elected a member of the Academy, and in 1795 years became its director.
The first award in the field of painting received in 1770 from the Italian Academy in Parma. In 1771 years Goya received orders to execute frescoes for the church in Zaragoza. It was not a lucrative job, but thus gained popularity as a painter. In 1774, Goya began to work for the Spanish royal family, which resulted in the rapid social and professional advancement. However, their dependence on the whims of the royal artist and did not allow for the creation of more ambitious works than portraits and tapestries depicting hunting scenes and the simple life of villagers. Cooperate with the court but only ended in 1826. In 1792. As a result of the heavy, more than a year, lost his hearing Goya disease – but it did not affect the development of his painting career.
Great influence on the artist’s work was Franco-Spanish War started in 1807, which he has devoted a series of prints, “Disasters of War” and the works of other great Spanish painter Diego Velazquez. In 1824 Goya left Spain and went to a French Bordeaux, where he lived until his death.
Goya’s painting is characterized by the realism of detail and even psychological insight. Created in a classical style with elements of Baroque, Rococo especially. He was a proponent of an ideology that is the most important in the creation of unfettered vision of the artist. Goya’s works were the inspiration for the creators of the subsequent trend in painting – romanticism.