He was born as the first son of a wealthy bourgeois family. His father, August Manet, was a lawyer, he served as Chief of Staff at the Ministry of Justice. Mother, Eugenie Désirée Fournier, came from an aristocratic family, a relative of the Swedish royal family (her godfather was Sweden’s King Carl XIII). Eduard also had two younger brothers – Eugene and Gustav.
In 1838 he enrolled in the school in Vaugirard, but the young Eduard not applied himself to learning. With hope for improvement in 1842 was written by parents to the College Rollin (one of the most prestigious schools in Paris). There, he met Antonin Proust, Eduard, his future biographer. Changing schools did not change the attitude of Manet to learn, but at that time my uncle Eduardo, Edmund Eduard Fournier, noticed his artistic talent. My uncle gave Eduard first drawing lessons and took him to the Louvre.
Due to the poor performance of science in the College of Eduard’s father realized that he had to give up the dream of becoming a lawyer and let his son Eduard choose a school. In 1847 Manet take the exam for the Maritime College, but without success. In order to increase their chances Manet reported on six-month cruise to the candidates for the Maritime School. However, this cruise Manet discouraged for a career in the Navy, and after another failed the exam in 1849, he managed to convince his father to start a career painter. In January 1850 began his apprenticeship in the studio of Thomas Couture.
After years of study would occur in an artistic environment and opportunity for this was to be the inclusion of his works in the Salon de Paris.
Manet over the last few years of his life he suffered from complications due to syphilis, which became ill when he was forty-odd years.
Paresis led to gangrene of the left foot. The operation did not bring her amputation recovery and painter died 11 days later, on April 30, 1883 year. The funeral took place on May 3, 1883 at Cimetiere de Passy in the presence of such famous people as Émile Zola, Alfred Stevens, Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne.
For much of his career influence on his work was the sixteenth-century Venetian painter – Titian.
Considered one of the precursors of Impressionism, worked and exhibited with known impresjonistami.
He liked to shock the bourgeois audience. An example of this might be his painting Luncheon on the Grass (1862-1863), at one time considered outrageously shameless piece in which mythological theme Manet naked nymphs moved provocatively in contemporary realities, shocking contrast contemporary clothing and nudity.