Rembrandt

Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn (1606-1669), a Dutch painter and printmaker. One of the greatest artists in the history of art, with the characteristics of genius in line with trends characterizing the seventeenth century Dutch art.

In the long activity of the artist There are four periods: 1) youth spent in Leiden (up to 1631), 2) a happy stay in Amsterdam era, which accounts for marriage to Saskia van Uylenburgh (1632-1643), 3) creative maturity period (up to 1656 ), 4) the most fascinating works of late (from 1657 until his death).

Rembrandt studied with J. van Swanenburg in Leiden, and then in P. Lastmana in Amsterdam (1620-1623). During lejdejskim realized mainly biblical themes and portraits. These canvases show Rembrandt’s chiaroscuro assimilate the style of Caravaggio.

His fame among contemporary artist owed Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632), which is an excellent portrayal of a collective with a high power of expression. At the same time, already living in Amsterdam, Rembrandt created numerous individual portraits characterized by realism, and also took the theme of the Old Testament (Old Testament).

Another important trend of his works are landscapes heroizowane. The period of its greatest successes in 1642 closes Rembrandt’s famous canvas Marching shooters, also known as The Night Watch – a masterpiece of the artist led to the championship Baroque (Baroque) searching for theatrical effect, accompanied by a wide range of colors.

Rembrandt’s late work is his artistic triumph: created beautiful paintings, painted a broad and heavy stroke of a brush or spatula, no longer decorative scenery, characters become monumental (monumentality), and the color range is limited to the intense reds and yellows on a brown background.

Rembrandt was also an outstanding graphic designer and illustrator, has left 280 etchings, of which the most beautiful are: Three Trees (1643), Christ healing the sick (1645), Ecce Homo (1655), as well as approx. 1400 drawings.

His vast legacy of paint covers approx. 630 images in, among others, in museums: Amsterdam, The Hague, New York, Boston, St. Petersburg, Dresden, London, Berlin, Cologne, Vienna, Munich and Krakow.